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When to Cite
To avoid plagiarism, you need to give credit by citing your source whenever appropriate. But how do you know what needs to be cited?
Always cite your sources when:
- directly quoting a source
- stating facts that are not common knowledge
- using pictures, charts, images, art, etc. that you did not create yourself
Still not sure if you need to cite something? The Writing Center's page on Avoiding Plagiarism provides additional information.
Now that you know when to cite your sources, check out the next tab on this research guide to learn how to cite them.
What is Plagiarism?
According to the SMSU Policy on Academic Honesty, plagiarism is:
Presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own. Plagiarism will include, but not be limited to:
- Submitting someone else's work or ideas as your own, including but not limited to homework assignments, term papers, research reports, lab reports, group projects, artistic works, tests, or class presentations.
- Submitting someone else's electronic work as your own, including but not limited to video clips, audio clips, electronic files, electronic programs, and any other copied electronic page, document, article, review, etc.
- Submitting some else's work as your own with minor alterations. Paraphrasing without proper citation is also plagiarism.
- Submitting some else's work without appropriate use of quotations, paraphrases, footnotes, or references.
Watch the tutorial, Plagiarism 101, which was created by the University of Albany, to gain a better understanding of what plagiarism is, what some of the consequences are for plagiarising, and how to avoid plagiarism.
While this tutorial was created for the libraries at the University of Albany, all of the content is applicable to the work you do here at SMSU.
To better understand what plagiarism is, complete the plagiarism activity You Quote It, You Note It, which was created by Acadia University.